The German Shepherd is one of the finest breeds in dog kind, having an all-purpose personality. It is medium to large in size with a great muscular profile. The canine species is one with high intelligence and loyalty. In fact, the defining characteristics of a German Shepherd are loyalty, courage, confidence, the obedience skill of learning and following commands for many tasks, and the willingness to put their life at stake for its loved ones.

German Shepherds will be tender family pets and committed protectors, but, generally, German Shepherds are seen to remain aloof to strangers and new people.

German Shepherds are globally preferred for many services, such as disability assistance, search-and-rescue, as police and military dogs as well as in the acting profession. As per the statistics for the American Kennel Club, the German Shepherd is the second-most registered breed and for The Kennel Club in the United Kingdom, it is the seventh-most registered breed; thus, highlighting the popularity and demand for this dog breed.

Some Qualities of the Breed

German Shepherds are not loners, meaning they become agitated and bored if left alone for long periods of time. Hence, it is not advised to buy this breed if you are not at home frequently.

Intelligence and Exercise

German Shepherds are dogs of great intelligence and it is absolutely essential that you exercise their mind and body regularly, in order to keep them healthy and fit.

Unfamiliar Surroundings

As mentioned earlier, German Shepherds are suspicious of strangers and remain aloof to new people, hence, in order to make them comfortable and adaptable in a new environment, it is important to train your puppy early, so that they become socialized.

German Shedders

German shepherd is also known as the German Shedder as they are known to shed their hair very frequently and in abundance. Therefore, it is pertinent that you brush your dog regularly.

Separation Anxiety

German Shepherds usually experience separation anxiety from their owners when left alone, hence crate training is a good idea for your puppy. This will ensure that the puppy has a safe place that it can go to when feeling threatened or anxious.


German Shepherds are great protectors however they are not an animal to be chained, they are indoor animals that crave for the love and attention of the family. It is an ideal situation if they have access to large backyards where they can run and burn some steam.


Considered a modern breed, the German Shepherd breed was coined in 1899, by Max von Stephanitz, who was a former student at the Berlin Veterinary College and also a previous member of the Phylax Society that was working to breed a standardize kind of dogs that were for working purposes only. Von Stephanitz first discovered the ideal dog that he believed possessed all the traits that were needed for a working dog at a dog show. This dog was Hektor Linksrhein, and Von Stephanitz immediately became impressed by the dog’s intelligence and sense of loyalty and purchased it. He later changed the dog’s name to Horand and Horand was declared the first German Shepherd. Von Stephanitz then developed a society for German Shepherds and was essentially for the breeding center for future German Shepherds. Horand became the pedigree for other German Shepherds, as it was bred with various kinds of dogs that displayed desirable traits, and German Shepherds quickly became the most popular breed in the world and holds this position till date.

During the first half of the twentieth century, the Shepherd Dog started to be associated with Imperial and Nazi Germany, due to the fact that German Shepherds being connected with purity and the military. Adolf Hitler also had a German Shepherd named "Prinz" in 1921, before his rise to power. Hitler greatly liked the breed due to the loyalty and obedience of the dog. German Shepherds lived up to their name during the Holocaust as they served as protection dogs for the Nazis.


German Shepherds are generally a healthy breed but there are certain diseases that the breed is prone to. Although not all German Shepherds get these diseases, but there is always a risk.

Hip Dysplasia

This is usually when the femur does not fit properly into the pelvic socket of the hip joint. Such a condition can impact one or both legs and such dogs can develop arthritis in the future and should not be bred.


German Shepherds usually develop various kinds of allergies including contact and food allergies and have the same symptoms as those in humans.